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BWE Industry Report - Wind Industry in Germany 2020

  • Text
  • Germany
  • Solutions
  • Turbine
  • Projects
  • Technical
  • Offshore
  • Maintenance
  • Renewable
  • Advisory
  • Turbines
  • Germany
- An overview of the German wind industry - Leading companies in the sector present their products and services - Around 400 addresses - easy access to the riht contact - NEW: Including Innovative Projects and Start-ups

CONTINUED OPERATION Not

CONTINUED OPERATION Not yet ready for the scrap heap, even after 20 years In a few years, the first wind turbines will no longer be eligible for EEG subsidies. In view of the electricity exchange prices, continued operation is not worthwhile for many operators. However, this could change in the future. In addition, companies that are taking over old turbines have stepped onto the scene. At the beginning of 2021, subsidies under the Renewable Energy Sources Act (EEG) will end for the first wind turbines. Then the fixed feed-in tariff will no longer be applicable. Between 2021 and 2025, around 16,000 megawatts (MW) of in stalled capacity will be affected, which will then be without a functioning business model. Even though they will soon reach the limit of their originally planned service life, the turbines could still reliably produce clean electricity. Under the current framework conditions, however, their continued operation is usually not worthwhile. Without EEG subsidies, operators can primarily sell their electricity on the electricity exchange. However, the low price there makes them lose out in terms of profitability. According to calculations by Agora Energiewende, a think tank supporting the energy transition in Germany, the price averaged 4.4 cents per kilowatt hour (kWh) in 2018. But there is hope: experts expect the situation on the electricity exchange to improve due to the closure of fossil power plants and a higher CO2 price. According to a study by the consulting firm Enervis Energy Advisors, the price of electricity will continue to rise in the future. The analysts base their assumption on the World Energy Outlook published by the International Energy Agency. Small turbines with little chance of success In order for continued operation to make economic sense, the revenues from the electricity generated must not only cover operating costs such as service and maintenance, but must also refinance all costs of continued operation such as expert opinions and permits. Studies have shown that operating costs amount to 2.64–5.00 cents per kilowatt hour produced, depending on the type of turbine and the quality of the location. As a general rule, the larger the wind turbine and the more power it has, the greater its chances of continued operation. However, industry representatives assume that even with operating costs of 4 cents, 50–60 percent of the turbines cannot be operated economically. These are relatively small machines with high basic costs and high costs per kilowatt hour generated. In operation for 20 years: Enercon E-66 at the motorway junction Bayreuth/ Kulmbach. Photo: Jan Oelker 26 Wind Industry in Germany

Economic report | CONTINUED OPERATION Dewind D8 type wind turbines have been in operation since 2002. Photo: Jan Oelker The good news is that almost all old turbines can be safely operated going forward. Whether this is worth it, however, does not only depend on the price of electricity. The maintenance and operating concept is also important. All prices for spare parts, service, maintenance, leases or insurance must be carefully checked, adjusted or renegotiated. The point is to keep the turbine running as inexpensively as possible. Expensive maintenance contracts or full maintenance are no longer economically viable. Turbine manufacturers and service companies have also responded to this and developed corresponding service offers. CONTINUED OPERATION Rated output of old turbines after the end of EEG subsidies Rated output (MW) 4,500 4,000 3,500 3,000 2,500 2,000 1,500 1,000 500 0 Source: Deutsche Windguard 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 End of EEG subsidy The green area shows plants that were still present at the time of analysis but may be decommissioned before they drop out of EEG remuneration. The issue of continued operation is particularly difficult for small operators. They usually do not have the financial means to continue operations with initially meagre proceeds and technical risk, or they shy away from the organisational effort. If their turbines are nevertheless to remain on the grid, they can also sell them for continued operation. In 2018, companies such as Hanse Windkraft and Windplus came onto the scene to take over specific wind farms or individual turbines from existing operators. This means that old and paid turbines can continue to generate clean electricity reliably even after 2021 – and that is also good news for the energy transition. Wind Industry in Germany 27

  • Seite 1: BWE INDUSTRY REPORT Wind Industry i
  • Seite 4 und 5: 4 Wind Industry in Germany
  • Seite 6 und 7: Contents 22 10 28 Economic report T
  • Seite 8 und 9: ECONOMIC REPORT: The German Wind In
  • Seite 10 und 11: THE GERMAN MARKET Sharp drop in new
  • Seite 12 und 13: BRIEF ENQUIRIES The sector is drive
  • Seite 14 und 15: Europe: wind energy will be the mos
  • Seite 16 und 17: JOBS Job cuts continue An industry
  • Seite 18 und 19: BRIEF ENQUIRIES Question #3: “Wha
  • Seite 20 und 21: OFFSHORE Falling growth and stable
  • Seite 22 und 23: TECHNOLOGY Concepts for the price w
  • Seite 24 und 25: COSTS AND INVESTMENTS Wind energy i
  • Seite 28 und 29: REVENUE MODELS WITHOUT EEG PPAs als
  • Seite 30 und 31: Sector coupling can offer a signifi
  • Seite 32 und 33: Hot strip mill at Salzgitter AG. Ph
  • Seite 34 und 35: BRIEF ENQUIRIES Question #4: “Wha
  • Seite 36 und 37: Sustainability - many small steps t
  • Seite 38 und 39: 38 Wind Industry in Germany
  • Seite 40 und 41: INNOVATIVE PROJECTS for the German
  • Seite 42 und 43: INNOVATIVE PROJECTS for the German
  • Seite 44 und 45: INNOVATIVE PROJECTS for the German
  • Seite 46 und 47: INNOVATIVE PROJECTS for the German
  • Seite 48 und 49: INNOVATIVE PROJECTS for the German
  • Seite 50 und 51: INNOVATIVE PROJECTS for the German
  • Seite 52 und 53: INNOVATIVE PROJECTS for the German
  • Seite 54 und 55: INNOVATIVE PROJECTS for the German
  • Seite 56 und 57: INNOVATIVE PROJECTS for the German
  • Seite 58 und 59: NEWCOMERS: Start-ups Start-ups are
  • Seite 60 und 61: start up Sustainable energy storage
  • Seite 62 und 63: start up cms@wind - Innovative Cond
  • Seite 64 und 65: start up A small wind turbine for u
  • Seite 66 und 67: start up The world‘s first modula
  • Seite 68 und 69: start up Location intelligence for
  • Seite 70 und 71: Photo: eno energy Group, Paul-Langr
  • Seite 72 und 73: Manufacturers of wind turbines ENER
  • Seite 74 und 75: Manufacturers of wind turbines eno
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    Manufacturers of wind turbines Nord

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    Manufacturers of wind turbines Siem

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    Manufacturers of wind turbines VENS

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    COMPANIES: Suppliers Manufacturers

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    Suppliers Bachmann electronic GmbH

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    Suppliers Beckhoff Automation GmbH

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    Suppliers Balluff GmbH Sensor and a

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    Suppliers DEUBLIN GmbH Be More…

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    Suppliers HELUKABEL GmbH The profes

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    Suppliers BWE INDUSTRY REPORT ECONO

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    Suppliers Max Bögl Wind AG Using r

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    Suppliers Nidec SSB Wind Systems Gm

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    Suppliers perma-tec GmbH & Co. KG p

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    Suppliers QV LUX GmbH The World’s

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    Suppliers Röchling Industrial Incr

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    Suppliers Schaeffler Reliability ma

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    Suppliers Siemens AG Creating the m

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    Suppliers 110 Wind Industry in Germ

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    Suppliers SpanSet GmbH & Co. KG Saf

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    Suppliers STEGO Elektrotechnik GmbH

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    Suppliers TOTAL Deutschland GmbH Be

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    Suppliers thyssenkrupp rothe erde G

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    Suppliers Weitkowitz GmbH Always a

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    COMPANIES: Service & logistics Plan

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    Service & logistics ABICON GmbH Ind

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    Service & logistics Aero Enterprise

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    Service & logistics BayWa r.e. rene

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    Service & logistics BIL eG Double b

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    Service & logistics CWD Aachen GmbH

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    Service & logistics Deutsche Messe

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    Service & logistics Dunoair Windpar

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    Service & logistics EnBW Energie Ba

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    Service & logistics Energiequelle G

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    Service & logistics EWE ERNEUERBARE

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    Service & logistics envia THERM Gmb

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    Service & logistics Fichtner GmbH &

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    Service & logistics Framatome Servi

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    Service & logistics GfM Gesellschaf

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    Service & logistics Green Wind Gree

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    Service & logistics greenmatch AG W

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    Service & logistics Hamburg Commerc

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    Service & logistics WindEnergy Hamb

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    Service & logistics in.power GmbH D

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    Service & logistics juwi AG Energy

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    Service & logistics The Liebherr Gr

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    Service & logistics M.O.S.S. Comput

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    Service & logistics Netze BW GmbH w

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    Service & logistics NOTUS energy Po

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    Service & logistics PNE AG Solution

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    Service & logistics R+V Versicherun

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    Service & logistics Regenerative En

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    Service & logistics ROSCH Industrie

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    Service & logistics Strothmann Mach

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    Service & logistics UKA - Umweltger

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    Service & logistics VERBUND VERBUND

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    Service & logistics VSB Group Proje

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    Service & logistics Windwärts Ener

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    Service & logistics Wölfel Wind Sy

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    Photo: Steffi Loos 192 Wind Industr

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    German Wind Energy Association The

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    German Wind Energy Association Germ

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    German Wind Energy Association new

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    200 Wind Industry in Germany

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    Companies by category | Direct mark

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    Companies by category | Experts Exp

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    Companies by category | Experts WIN

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    Companies by category | Finance & l

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    Companies by category | Finance & l

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    Companies by category | Operation &

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    Companies by category | Operation &

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    Companies by category | Operation &

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    Companies by category | Organisatio

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    Companies by category | Planning Pl

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    Companies by category | Planning EF

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    Companies by category | Planning Pr

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    Companies by category | Suppliers o

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    Companies by category | Suppliers o

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    Companies by category | Suppliers o

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    Companies by category | Suppliers o

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    Companies by category | Suppliers o

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    Companies in alphabetical order Com

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    Companies in alphabetical order enb

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    Companies in alphabetical order L M

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    Companies in alphabetical order Sch

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    Picture credits / Imprint Picture c

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    Companies in alphabetical order Rea

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