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Renewable Power Generation Costs in 2019

Die aktuellste Studie der IRENA zeigt auf, dass über die Hälfte des aus EE-Anlagen generierten Stroms, zu geringeren Kosten generiert werden kann, als bspw. Strom aus den neuesten Kohlekraftwerken. © IRENA 2020, IRENA (2020), Renewable Power Generation Costs in 2019, International Renewable Energy Agency, Abu Dhabi. www.irena.org

Copyright © IRENA 2020

Copyright © IRENA 2020 Unless otherwise stated, this publication and material herein are the property of the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) and are subject to copyright by IRENA. Material in this publication may be freely used, shared, copied, reproduced, printed and/or stored, provided that all such material is clearly attributed to IRENA and bears a notation of copyright (© IRENA) with the year of copyright. Material contained in this publication attributed to third parties may be subject to third-party copyright and separate terms of use and restrictions, including restrictions in relation to any commercial use. ISBN 978-92-9260-244-4 Citation: IRENA (2020), Renewable Power Generation Costs in 2019, International Renewable Energy Agency, Abu Dhabi. About IRENA The International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) serves as the principal platform for international co-operation, a centre of excellence, a repository of policy, technology, resource and financial knowledge, and a driver of action on the ground to advance the transformation of the global energy system. An intergovernmental organisation established in 2011, IRENA promotes the widespread adoption and sustainable use of all forms of renewable energy, including bioenergy, geothermal, hydropower, ocean, solar and wind energy, in the pursuit of sustainable development, energy access, energy security and low-carbon economic growth and prosperity. www.irena.org Acknowledgements IRENA is grateful for the valuable contributions of Dolf Gielen, Francisco Boshell, Ricardo Gorini, Jack Kiruja, Paul Komor, Toshimasa Masuyama and Binu Parthan (IRENA) in the preparation of this study. This report benefited from the reviews and comments of numerous experts, including Oliver Baudson (TSK Flagsol), Volker Berkhout (Fraunhofer-IEE), Jürgen Dersch (DLR), Massimo Falchetta (ENEA), Lena Kitzing (DTU), Elvira Lopez Prados (Acciona), Marta Martinez (Iberdrola), Gaëtan Masson (IEA PVPS), Christoph Richter (SolarPACES), Sune Strøm (Ørsted), Ryan Wiser (LBNL) and Rina Bohle Zeller (Vestas). Contributors: Michael Taylor, Pablo Ralon, Harold Anuta and Sonia Al-Zoghoul (IRENA). For further information or to provide feedback: publications@irena.org This report is available for download: www.irena.org/publications Disclaimer This publication and the material herein are provided “as-is”, for informational purposes. All reasonable precautions have been taken by IRENA to verify the reliability of all material featured in this publication. Neither IRENA nor any of its officials, agents, data or other, third-party content providers or licensors provides any warranty, including as to the accuracy, completeness, or fitness for a particular purpose or use of such material, or regarding the non-infringement of third-party rights, and they accept no responsibility or liability with regard to the use of this publication and the material therein. The material contained herein does not necessarily represent the views of all Members of IRENA, nor is it an endorsement of any project, product or service provider. The designations employed and the presentation of material herein do not imply the expression of any opinion on the part of IRENA concerning the legal status of any region, country, territory, city or area, or their authorities, or concerning the delimitation of frontiers or boundaries Photographs are from Shutterstock unless otherwise indicated.

FOREWORD The world changed drastically in the opening months of 2020, with the COVID-19 pandemic forcing much of the world into lockdown. Now, as we move towards the new, post-COVID normality, renewable power generation must form a key part of global economic stimulus measures. Installing new renewables increasingly costs less than the cheapest fossil fuels. With or without the health and economic crisis, dirty coal plants were overdue to be consigned to the past. But the cost data presented in this report – compiled from 17 000 real-word projects – confirms how decisively the tables have turned. More than half of the renewable capacity added in 2019 achieved lower electricity costs than new coal, while new solar and wind projects are also undercutting the cheapest and least sustainable of existing coal-fired plants. Auction results show these favourable cost trends accelerating, reinforcing the case to phase-out coal entirely. Next year, up to 1 200 gigawatts of existing coal-fired capacity could cost more to operate than new utility-scale solar photovoltaic (PV) costs to install, the report shows. Replacing the costliest 500 gigawatts of coal capacity with solar and wind would cut annual system costs by as much as USD 23 billion per year and reduce annual carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) emissions by around 1.8 gigatonnes, or 5% of last year’s global total. It would also yield a stimulus worth USD 940 billion, or around 1% of global GDP. Francesco La Camera Director-General International Renewable Energy Agency Generation costs for onshore wind and solar PV have fallen between 3% and 16% yearly since 2010 – far faster than anything in our shopping baskets or household budgets. Renewables have outpaced fossil fuels in new power capacity additions overall since 2012. They are emerging as the default choice for new projects everywhere. Now, crucially, their continued cost decline means the world can afford to be ambitious amid the crisis. Post-pandemic stimulus packages would be greatly enhanced by these clean, easily scalable, cost-effective energy solutions. Scaling up renewables can boost struggling economies. It can save money for consumers, pique the appetites of investors and create numerous high-quality new jobs. Renewables, meanwhile, align recovery measures with climate resilience, sustainable development and other medium- and long-term policy goals. Cutting carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) emissions in line with the Paris Agreement remains as crucial as ever in the wake of COVID-19, while also offering tremendous potential to put millions of people back to work. The same energy infrastructure needed to meet today’s needs can also pave the way for a far better future. Investment in renewables equates with investing in health, sustainability and inclusive prosperity. Moreover, as the report underscores, the more we deploy these technologies, the more their costs will fall. 3

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