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Renewable Power Generation Costs in 2019

Die aktuellste Studie der IRENA zeigt auf, dass über die Hälfte des aus EE-Anlagen generierten Stroms, zu geringeren Kosten generiert werden kann, als bspw. Strom aus den neuesten Kohlekraftwerken. © IRENA 2020, IRENA (2020), Renewable Power Generation Costs in 2019, International Renewable Energy Agency, Abu Dhabi. www.irena.org

RENEWABLE POWER

RENEWABLE POWER GENERATION COSTS 2019 CONTENTS Figures. ................................................... 6 Tables and boxes. ........................................... 9 Abbreviations ............................................. 10 Highlights. ................................................ 11 Executive Summary. ........................................ 12. 01 02 03 04 LATEST COST TRENDS ........................................ 18 Renewable power generation cost trends: 2010 to 2019 ................................. 21 Auction and power purchase agreement data: a crystal ball into the near future ............24 Costs trends by technology: 2010 to 2019 .............................................27 New solar PV and onshore wind: increasingly cheaper than the marginal costs of existing coal-fired capacity ........................................................37 Learning curves for solar and wind power technologies ..................................38 Investment trends ...................................................................40 Sensitivity to cost of capital ..........................................................42 ONSHORE WIND. ........................................... 46 Highlights ..........................................................................47 Introduction ........................................................................48 Wind turbine characteristics and costs ................................................48 Onshore wind total installed costs ....................................................51 Capacity factors ....................................................................53 Operation and maintenance costs .....................................................55 Levelised cost of electricity ...........................................................56 SOLAR PHOTOVOLTAICS. ..................................... 60 Highlights ..........................................................................61 Recent market trends ................................................................62 Total installed costs .................................................................62 Capacity factors ....................................................................67 Operations and maintenance costs ....................................................69 Levelised cost of electricity ...........................................................70 OFFSHORE WIND. ........................................... 74 Highlights ..........................................................................75 Offshore wind industry trends ........................................................76 Total installed costs .................................................................78 Capacity factors ....................................................................81 Operations and maintenance costs ....................................................83 Levelised cost of electricity ...........................................................84 4

CONTENTS 05 06 07 08 HYDROPOWER ............................................. 88 Highlights ..........................................................................89 Total installed costs .................................................................90 Capacity factors ....................................................................96 Operation and maintenance costs .....................................................99 Levelised cost of electricity ..........................................................100 GEOTHERMAL. ............................................ 102. Highlights .........................................................................103 Introduction .......................................................................104 Total installed costs ................................................................105 Capacity factor ....................................................................107 Levelised cost of electricity ..........................................................107 BIOENERGY. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .110 Highlights .........................................................................111 Biomass feedstocks ................................................................112 Installed cost trends ................................................................113 Capacity factors and efficiency ......................................................115 Operation and maintenance costs ....................................................117 Levelised cost of electricity ..........................................................117 CONCENTRATING SOLAR POWER. ............................. 12.0 Highlights .........................................................................121 Total installed costs ................................................................123 Capacity factors ...................................................................124 Operation and maintenance costs ....................................................126 Levelised cost of electricity ..........................................................126 REFERENCES. ............................................. 130 ANNEX I. ................................................ 136 ANNEX II. The IRENA Renewable Cost Database. ................. 141 ANNEX III. Regional groupings. ............................... 143 5

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