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Renewable Power Generation Costs in 2019

Die aktuellste Studie der IRENA zeigt auf, dass über die Hälfte des aus EE-Anlagen generierten Stroms, zu geringeren Kosten generiert werden kann, als bspw. Strom aus den neuesten Kohlekraftwerken. © IRENA 2020, IRENA (2020), Renewable Power Generation Costs in 2019, International Renewable Energy Agency, Abu Dhabi. www.irena.org

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ONSHORE WIND HIGHLIGHTS • The global weighted-average LCOE of onshore wind fell 39% between 2010 and 2019 from USD 0.086/kWh in 2010 to USD 0.053/kWh in 2019. There was an 9% year-on-year reduction in 2019. • In 2019, 41 GW (75%) of the new onshore wind projects commissioned had an LCOE lower than the cheapest new source of fossil fuel-fired power generation. • The cumulative capacity of onshore wind has increased more than threefold during the past decade, from 178 GW in 2010 to 594 GW in 2019. • The global weighted-average total installed cost has fallen by 24%, from USD 1 949/kW in 2010 to USD 1 473/kW in 2019, when it was down 5% on the 2018 value of USD 1 549/kW. • The country/region weighted-average total installed cost for onshore wind in 2019 ranged from from around USD 1 055 to USD 2 368/kW. China and India have weighted-average total installed costs between 21% to 55% lower than other regions. • Average turbine prices fell below USD 850/kW in 2019. Prices in most regions, excluding China, have fallen by between 55% and 65% from their peaks in 2008 and 2009.Chinese wind turbine prices have fallen 78% since their peak of USD 2 480/kW in 1998, to USD 550/kW. • Technology improvements have resulted in an almost one-third improvement in the global weighted-average capacity factor, from 27% in 2010 to 36% in 2019. Figure 2.1 Global weighted average total installed costs, capacity factors and LCOE for onshore wind, 2010-2019 3 500 Total installed cost Capacity factor Levelised cost of electricity 60% 0.15 3 000 95 th percentile 50% 2019 USD/kW 2 500 2 000 1 949 1 972 1 500 1 000 1 939 1 781 1 828 1 628 1 642 1 549 1 635 1 473 5 th percentile Capacity factor 40% 30% 20% 0.10 35.6% 0.086 0.083 32.3% 0.082 34.0% 0.083 0.076 28.5% 28.8% 27.1% 29.1% 30.6% 0.064 27.7% 27.0% 0.069 0.066 2019 USD/kWh 0.058 0.05 0.053 500 10% 0 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 0% 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 0.00 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 Source: IRENA Renewable Cost Database. 47

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