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Renewable Power Generation Costs in 2019

Die aktuellste Studie der IRENA zeigt auf, dass über die Hälfte des aus EE-Anlagen generierten Stroms, zu geringeren Kosten generiert werden kann, als bspw. Strom aus den neuesten Kohlekraftwerken. © IRENA 2020, IRENA (2020), Renewable Power Generation Costs in 2019, International Renewable Energy Agency, Abu Dhabi. www.irena.org

RENEWABLE POWER

RENEWABLE POWER GENERATION COSTS 2019 FIGURES Figure ES.1 Global weighted average levelised cost of electricity from utility-scale renewable power generation technologies, 2010 and 2019 .......................13 Figure ES.2 Global weighted average LCOE and Auction/PPA prices for CSP, onshore and offshore wind, and solar PV, 2010 to 2023 ........................14 Figure 1.1 Global LCOE from newly commissioned utility-scale renewable power ..........21 Figure 1.2 Global LCOEs from newly commissioned utility-scale renewable power generation technologies, 2010-2019 ............. 22 Figure 1.3 The LCOE and PPA/Auction prices by project for solar PV, onshore wind, offshore wind and CSP, 2010-2023 .... 25 Figure 1.4 Global weighted average total installed costs, capacity factors and LCOE for solar PV, 2010-2019 ................27 Figure 1.5 Global weighted average total installed costs, capacity factors and LCOE for onshore wind power, 2010-2019 .... 29 Figure 1.6 Global weighted average total installed costs, capacity factors and LCOE for offshore wind power, 2010-2019 .......31 Figure 1.7 Global weighted average total installed costs, capacity factors and LCOE for CSP, 2010-2019 ...................32 Figure 1.8 Global weighted average total installed costs, capacity factors and LCOE for hydropower, 2010-2019 .............. 34 Figure 1.9 Global weighted average total installed costs, capacity factors and LCOE for bioenergy power, 2010-2019 .......... 35 Figure 1.10 Global weighted average total installed costs, capacity factors and LCOE for geothermal power, 2010-2019 ........ 36 Figure 1.11 The global weighted-average LCOE and Auction/PPA price learning curve trends for solar PV, CSP, onshore and offshore wind, 2010 – 2021/23 ................ 39 Figure 1.12 Investment value of new renewable capacity added by year, 2010-2019 .....41 Figure 1.13 Investment value and new capacity added by renewable power technology, 2010-2019 .......................... 42 Figure 1.14 Offshore wind project LCOE compared to adjusted Auction/PPA pricing, 2010-2025 ..........................44 Figure 2.1 Global weighted average total installed costs, capacity factors and LCOE for onshore wind, 2010-2019 ............. 47 Figure 2.2 Weighted average rotor diameter and name plate capacity evolution, 2010-2018 .......................... 49 Figure 2.3 Wind turbine price indices and price trends, 1997–2019 ...................50 Figure 2.4 Total installed costs of onshore wind projects and global weighted average, 1983-2019 ...........................51 Figure 2.5 Onshore wind weighted average total installed costs in 15 countries, 1984–2019 ...........................52 Figure 2.6 Historical onshore wind weighted average capacity factors in 15 countries, 1984–2019 .......................... 54 Figure 2.7 Full-service (initial and renewal) O&M pricing indexes and weighted average O&M costs in Denmark, Germany, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, United States and Norway, 2008–2019 ................. 56 Figure 2.8 LCOE of onshore wind projects and global weighted average, 1983–2019 ..........57 6

FIGURES Figure 2.9 The weighted average LCOE of commissioned onshore wind projects in 15 countries, 1984–2019 ............ 58 Figure 3.1 Global weighted average total installed costs, capacity factors and LCOE for PV, 2010–2019 ...........................61 Figure 3.2 Average monthly solar PV module prices by technology and manufacturing country sold in Europe, 2010 to 2020 (top) and average yearly module prices by market in 2013 and 2019 (bottom)............ 63 Figure 3.3 Total installed PV system cost and weighted averages for utility-scale systems, 2010-2019 ..................64 Figure 3.4 Utility-scale solar PV total installed cost trends in selected countries, 2010-2019 .......................... 65 Figure 3.5 Detailed breakdown of utility-scale solar PV total installed costs by country, 2019. ............................... 66 Figure 3.6 Global utility-scale solar PV project levelised cost of electricity and range, 2010-2019 ...........................71 Figure 3.7 Utility-scale solar PV weighted average cost of electricity in selected countries, 2010-2019 ...........................72 Figure 4.1 Global weighted average and range of total installed costs, capacity factors and LCOE for offshore wind, 2010-2019 .....75 Figure 4.2 Average distance from shore and water depth for offshore wind between 2000-2019 ..........................77 Figure 4.3 Project turbine size and global weighted average turbine size wind farm capacity for offshore wind, 2000-2019 ......... 78 Figure 4.4 Project and weighted average total installed costs for offshore wind, 2000-2019 ......................... 79 Figure 4.5 Project and weighted average capacity factors for offshore wind, 2000-2019 .. 82 Figure 4.6 Offshore wind project and global weighted average LCOEs and auction/PPA prices, 2000-2023 .......84 Figure B4.1 Floating offshore wind foundation types .............................. 85 Figure B4.2 Global weighted average total installed costs, capacity factors and LCOE for floating offshore wind, 2010–2022 ......................... 86 Figure 5.1 Global weighted average total installed costs, capacity factors and LCOE for hydropower, 2010–2019 .............. 89 Figure 5.2 Total installed costs by project and global weighted average for hydropower, 2010-2019 .......................... 92 Figure 5.3 Total installed costs for small and large hydropower projects and the global weighted average, 2010-2019 ......... 93 Figure 5.4 Distribution of total installed costs of large and small hydropower projects by capacity, 2010-2014 and 2015-2019 ..........................94 Figure 5.5 Total installed costs ranges and capacity weighted averages for large hydropower projects by country/region, 2010-2019 .......................... 95 Figure 5.6 Total installed costs ranges and capacity weighted averages for small hydropower projects by country/region, 2010-2019 ..........................96 7

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