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Renewable Power Generation Costs in 2019

Die aktuellste Studie der IRENA zeigt auf, dass über die Hälfte des aus EE-Anlagen generierten Stroms, zu geringeren Kosten generiert werden kann, als bspw. Strom aus den neuesten Kohlekraftwerken. © IRENA 2020, IRENA (2020), Renewable Power Generation Costs in 2019, International Renewable Energy Agency, Abu Dhabi. www.irena.org

RENEWABLE POWER

RENEWABLE POWER GENERATION COSTS 2019 Figure 5.7 Large hydropower project LCOE and capacity weighted averages by country/region, 2010-2019 ...........101 Figure 5.8 Small hydropower project LCOE and capacity weighted averages by country/region, 2010-2019 ...........101 Figure 6.1 Global weighted average total installed costs, capacity factors and LCOE for geothermal, 2010-2019 ...............103 Figure 6.2 Geothermal power total installed costs by project, technology and capacity, 2007-2021 ..........................106 Figure 6.3 Capacity factors of geothermal power plants by technology and project size, 2007-2021 ..........................107 Figure 6.4 LCOE of geothermal power projects by technology and size, 2007-2021 .......108 Figure 7.1 Global weighted average total installed costs, capacity factors and LCOE for bioenergy, 2010-2019 .................111 Figure 7.2 Total installed costs of bioenergy power generation projects by selected feedstocks and country/region, 2000-2019 .........................114 Figure 7.3 Total installed costs of bioenergy power generation projects for different capacity ranges by country/region, 2000-2019 .........................114 Figure 7.4 Distribution of bioenergy for power total installed costs by technology, 2000-2019 .........................115 Figure 7.5 Project capacity factors and weighted averages of selected feedstocks for bioenergy power generation projects by country and region, 2000-2019 ....116 Figure 7.6 LCOE by project and weighted averages of bioenergy power generation projects by feedstock and country/region, 2000-2019 .........................118 Figure 7.7 LCOE and capacity factor by project of selected feedstocks for bioenergy power generation projects, 2000-2019 .......119 Figure 8.1 Global weighted average total installed costs, capacity factors and LCOE for CSP, 2010-2019 ..........................121 Figure 8.2 CSP total installed costs by project size, collector type and amount of storage, 2010-2019 ..........................123 Figure 8.3 Capacity factor trends for CSP plants, 2010-2019 ..........................124 Figure 8.4 Capacity factor trends for CSP plants by direct normal irradiance, 2010-2019 ..........................125 Figure 8.5 The levelised cost of electricity for CSP projects, 2010-2019 ..................127 Figure 8.6 Levelised cost of electricity and auction price trends for CSP, 2010-2021 .......128 Figure B8.1 Reconciling the LCOE of a benchmark CSP project to the PPA price for the Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum Solar Park, Phase 4 ..................129 Figure A2.1 Distribution of projects by technology and country in IRENA's Renewable Cost Database and Auction and PPA Database .......................141 8

TABLES AND BOXES TABLES Table 2.1 Total Installed cost ranges and weighted averages for onshore wind projects by country/region, 2010 and 2019 ......... 53 Table 2.2 Country-specific average capacity factors for onshore wind in 2010 and 2019 ........................ 55 Table 2.3 Regional weighted average LCOE and ranges for onshore wind in 2010 and 2019 ............................ 59 Table 3.1 Residential and commercial sector solar PV total installed cost by country or state, 2010-2019 ................... 68 Table 3.2 Global weighted average capacity factors for utility-scale PV systems by year of commissioning, 2010–2019 ... 69 Table 3.3 Residential and commercial solar PV levelised cost of electricity by country or state, 2010-2019 ....................73 Table 4.1 Regional and country weighted-average total installed costs and ranges for offshore wind, 2010 and 2019 ..................80 Table 4.2 Weighted-average capacity factors for offshore wind projects in six countries for 2010 and 2019 .................... 83 Table 4.3 Regional and country weighted average LCOE of offshore wind, 2010 and 2019 ........................ 85 Table 5.1 Total installed cost breakdown by component and capacity weighted averages for 25 hydropower projects in China, India and Sri Lanka, 2010-2016 ....91 Table 5.2 Total installed costs for hydropower by project and weighted average by capacity range, 2000-2019 ............94 Table 5.3 Hydropower project capacity factors and capacity weighted averages for large hydropower projects by country/region, 2010–2019 ........................... 97 Table 5.4 Hydropower project capacity factors and capacity weighted averages for small hydropower projects by country/region, 2010–2019 ........................... 98 Table 5.5 Hydropower project O&M costs by category from a sample of 25 projects .. 99 Table 7.1 Project capacity factors and weighted averages of bioenergy power generation projects by country/region, 2000-2019 ...........................117 Table 8.1 Insurance included O&M costs estimates in selected markets, 2019 ..............127 Table A1.1 Standardised assumptions for LCOE calculations ..........................138 Table A1.2 O&M cost assumptions for the LCOE calculation of PV projects ..............139 Table A1.3 BoS cost breakdown categories for solar PV ..........................140 BOXES Box 1.1 Energy subsidies: Evolution in the global energy transformation to 2050 ......... 45 Box 4.1 Floating offshore ..................... 85 Box 8.1 The LCOE of CSP, considering recently published PPA prices ..................129 9

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